why are pelargoniums called geraniums

But – as in most families! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Pelargoniums are semi-hardy and more sensitive to frost. Although they are often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7. Both belong to the same plant family, the Geraniaceae, and both have the same long, narrow, beak-shaped seed capsule that springs open when ripe and casts the seeds far and wide. Geranium or Pelargonium? (Note: This page is about plants in the genus Pelargonium, commonly called geraniums or storksbills. Let’s Stop the Confusion, Geraniums or Pelargoniums? Generally I am very successful with geraniums but I have a love bushy pelargonium but not flowering. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. Both geraniums and pelargoniums have a similar long, narrow, beaklike seed capsule. Always have symmetric flowers: 5 petals of approximately equal size and shape. For over 200 years now, gardeners have known that their garden geraniums (zonal geraniums, scented geraniums, ivy geraniums, etc.) Come spring, the plants will rocket away, bush up … Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large group of mostly evergreen and tender perennials used as bedding or houseplants. That’s the basic rule. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. And while they are in the Geraniaceae family, they differ fro… Of course, the two plant genera, Pelargonium and Geranium are closely related. The seed capsules, therefore, are essentially identical. Grown as annuals or brought indoors for the winter; Most have sturdy stems, often upright, that survive from one year to the next; Grown outdoors year round, almost never indoors; Herbaceous perennials (they usually die to the ground or to creeping rhizomes in the winter, then sprout again in the spring). Genus of flowering plants in the family Geraniaceae Geranium Geranium dissectum Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Geraniales Family: Geraniaceae Genus: Geranium L. Species See list. Yes, many pelargoniums can take quite a bit of cold, but not prolonged freezing. were actually pelargoniums, that is, they don’t belong to the genus Geranium, but instead to the genus Pelargonium. They are all part of the Geraniaceae plant family. Pelargoniums have feathered seeds, shaped like a stork’s bill, which are dispersed by the wind. Honestly, you’d have to be a fairly serious birder to be able to tell a stork’s beak from a crane’s beak… especially if you removed the rest of the bird! Hence, why pelargoniums were also referred to as storksbill by the early enthusiasts. - Small Scale Engineering. Change ). Any hints? The lines, called veins, radiate from one central point on the leaf. What is a citronella plant called? Although they may be kept outdoors during the warmer part of the year, geraniums are typically kept indoors to overwinter. The 'new' plants were re-classified as Pelargoniums, with both the Geranium and the Pelargonium classified as genera of the Geraniaceae Family. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. Many people wonder why their geraniums get leggy, especially if they keep them year after year. Why not call a Geranium a geranium and a Pelargonium a pelargonium? Pelargoniums are a genus of flowering plants that include as many as 280 species. Geraniums may be identified visually by looking at the leaves. Pelargonium flowers have 2 upper petals and 3 lower ones: the lower ones are usually smaller. ( Log Out /  Scented Pelargoniums is a genus of flowering plant belonging to the family Geraniaceae. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. In fact, the botanical names both refer to this phenomenon. Plants in the genus Geranium are also commonly used in gardens, but are typically referred to as hardy geraniums or cranesbills.). Zonal geraniums, the most popular and widely known geraniums, are actually not geraniums at all. My geraniums aren’t looking very well – why? I have an annual infestation on my Rozanne geranium which very quickly makes all the leaves on a large plant, approximately half metre spread, to look like lace because there are so many tiny holes. There are a variety of colours and leaf forms available, all suitable for pots, hanging baskets or garden beds. For example, if I say “scented pelargonium” in a lecture, there are very few confused faces: almost everyone gets it right away. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mos Geraniums vs pelargoniums. Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. The average zonal pelargonium (Pelargonium x hortorum), for example, now has symmetrical flowers, with all five petals being identical. The tall-stemmed flowers with ball-shaped blooms are actually Pelargoniums as classified by their genus or Pelargonium × hortorum according to their species. The plants we all know as geraniums are correctly called pelargoniums, having 'borrowed' their common name from a member of the same plant family, Geraniaceae. 16. One easy way to distinguish between the two is to check it’s winter survival skills. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. This is Geranium sanguineum, a true geranium. These woody-stemmed, upright 2-foot-tall geraniums are also called Martha Washington geraniums, royal or French geraniums. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Zonal geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12. Geraniums and pelargoniums are often conflated, and it's true they're in the same plant family. If it’s just a few leaves and the rest of the plant is looking robust enough then I’d suggest it could be a sudden change in temperature or some other harmless occurrence. Originally, all pelargoniums had asymmetric flowers, with two upper petals and three lower petals that are quite distinct, but that characteristic has been bred out of many modern pelargoniums. They are a bit ugly now, but after the Winter Solstice, they will snap out of their funk and grow abundantly. Again, most gardeners already know the difference and are familiar with the term “pelargonium” even if they don’t yet use it. The first thing to look at is whether it is just a few leaves going yellow or whether the whole plant is looking a bit sick. When someone tells me about a new geranium they are growing, I like to know right away whether they referring to a geranium (hardy) or a pelargonium (tender). These have a much showier display of flowers than true geraniums, but they are harder to keep alive in the winter. (1) Zonal Pelargoniums – mostly bush type plants grown for the beauty of their flower and often the one most confused by being wrongly named ‘Geraniums’ particularly in summer bedding arrangements etc. Geraniums are one of the most popular bedding plants, and while they are normally quite attractive, routine pruning may be necessary in order to keep them looking their best. Your zonal geranium is really a zonal pelargonium (Pelargonium x hortorum). Regal Geraniums once called Pelargonium domesticum, P. Cucullatum or P. grandiflorum are showy flowering plants at their best between April and June. The first Pelargoniums were exported from the fairest Cape by John Tradescant in the 1600’s and from these thousands of new hybrids have been bred. Discover pelargoniums. Do hardy geraniums die back in winter? 30. Linnaeus thought the plants were close enough relatives to put both types in the genus Geranium. You know and I know that Scented Geraniums do not exist! If you point to a geranium at a garden shop, you're actually probably identifying Pelargonium, a member of a group of plants which have commonly come to be called ‘geraniums.' The first geraniums did not come to Europe until the 17th century. ( Log Out /  For those who don’t quite get the difference, here’s a quick summary: Originally, pelargoniums had asymmetrical flowers, but that trait has been bred out of many of them. ( Log Out /  But for the last 40 years or so, true geraniums (Geranium spp.) That wasn’t so much of an issue back when gardeners grew mostly pelargoniums (the annual types). The terms geraniums and pelargoniums are often used interchangeably, but in … Read more. You may say po-TAE-to and I may say po-TAH-to, but let’s all say geranium when we mean Geranium and pelargonium when we mean Pelargonium. Pelaragonium is derived from the Greek for stork, because the seed capsule is said to resemble a stork’s bill, while Geranium means crane, because it’s supposed to look like a crane’s bill. Charles L’Hertier, an 18th-century French botanist, decided to separate them into two different genera. This not only helps prevent overgrown geraniums, but will also reduce or fix leggy geranium plants. There are true geraniums, which are often called hardy geraniums and cranesbill. Why are pelargoniums called geraniums? What plants are indigenous to South Africa? or Geraniums as they are commonly known and still referred to, are great perennial plants for the easy care gardener.They require little attention once established and thrive in hot, dry conditions. Pelaragonium is derived from the Greek for stork, because the seed capsule is said to resemble a stork’s bill, while Geranium means crane, because it’s supposed to look like a crane’s bill. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Hi hope you can help me. I learnt something new today – I had them completely around the other way, or just thought they were all geraniums. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. A. Zonal Pelargoniums (Pelargonium x hortorum). I’m looking for a quick guide to tell true geraniums apart from pelargoniums. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. However, some hybrid pelargoniums have been bred with equal-sized petals, so they are exceptions. It may come as a surprise to know theres more than one type of geranium. Follow us. I mean, who doesn’t grow either G. ‘Rozanne’ or G. ‘Johnson’s Blue’? If you used the word “geranium”, everyone understood you. Geranium flowers have 5 petals too, but naturally symmetrical and of equal size. To distinguish them from the tender (half-hardy) pelargoniums, few of which can survive the winter in temperate climates, we took to calling the latter “hardy geraniums”. Often grown as annuals, they produce flowers of breathtaking beauty over a long season. The original (incorrect) classification persists. Regal Geranium. Some Types of Geranium. 19. Botanically speaking, true geraniums (those belonging to the genus Geranium ) are a related genus of hardy flowering perennial shrubs. Most of the plants commonly called geraniums are actually pelargoniums, and while both genera are members of the geranium (Geraniaceae) family, the true geraniums are a … It seems we have both kinds and one of my big climbing geranium plant is not doing well. Difference Between Geraniums and Pelargoniums, How to Collect Geranium Seeds from Plant (With Pictures), A Guide to Using a Heat Mat for Geranium Seedlings, How to Hand-Pollinate Geranium Flowers (Part 1), Crossing a Zonal Geranium with an Ivy Geranium (Interspecifics). Cold-hardy (there are a very few exceptions); So there you go. Also serrated leaves are likely linked to pelargoniums. They are often confused with common or scented geraniums, which are actually a related but completely separate genus called Pelargoniums. Confusingly, Pelargoniums are often called ‘geraniums’, but the true Geraniums (or cranesbills) belong to a related genus of hardy herbaceous plants, with a number of native species in Britain. But Charles L’Héritier saw things differently and separated them into two genera in 1789. I think it’s time to stop pussyfooting around. The … The family is the same - geraniaceae - and pelargoniums and geraniums were both classed under the genus of geranium originally, until separated into different genera in the 18thC. 18. Geranium, (genus Geranium), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Unfortunately, the reclassification wasn’t widely accepted until much later. Join now. have become widely popular in temperate climate gardens. My guess is that all your plants are pelargoniums. Their leaves come in a variety of shapes and sizes and may resemble ferns, grape leaves or oak leaves and may be deeply divided or nearly round. 15. It’s better for me not to beak ….. now I know for sure that all my geraniums are actually pelargoniums. So why call them scented geraniums? Leaves will be fused into a fan shape called palmate leaves. And this had become all the more necessary in that an increasing number of varieties in both genera are now being grown. Named varieties to look out for include Black Knight, Bridesmaid, Caribrooke, Marylyn (above)Wooton and Lord Bute.The velvety textured petals can combine to make large flowerheads and look stunning in a pot or container. Where did the confusion come from? The true geranium is found in many parts of the world, while most pelargoniums have their origins in South Africa. Try increasing the amount of sun and cutting back on fertilizer. Geraniums always have symmetrical flowers. Learn how your comment data is processed. Jane recommends pruning geraniums and pelargoniums back by between one third to one half during March or April. Other than that, there are no shrubby or climbing geraniums, so those must be pelargoniums. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. What is the difference between a geranium and a pelargonium? The name Pelargonium derives from the Greek term pelargós meaning stork because, when the flowers form a seed head, it resembles the long and slender beak of a stork. Pelargoniums can be thought of as the geranium cousin. These are not called scented geraniums. Get involved. They are scented Pelargoniums different from … How to Collect Geranium Seeds from Plant (With Pictures) Collecting geranium seeds from plant is not that easy because of the way these seeds are displayed. I hope you don’t mind if I link this blog to mine. Which is which. Thank you. True geraniums are perennial and commonly called cranesbills. Pelargonium is derived from the Greek word for stork, because the seed capsule is said to resemble a stork’s bill, while Geranium means crane, because it’s supposed to look like a crane’s bill. Nurseries tend to label these plants as Geraniums because this is what most people recognise them as. 19. All Rights Reserved. | Kiyanti2008's Weblog, Are We Participating In The Spekboom Challenge? At that time, the first pelargoniums which were brought to Europe from South Africa were called geraniums, due to their similarity to the domestic perennial plant. There are many, many species of pelargonium, not all of which are heavy bloomers. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. When pelargoniums were brought over from South Africa they were thought to be the same as the geranium, and thus were accidentally misclassified, a mistake that wasn’t rectified until the 1700s. The change was widely accepted even back then and still holds today. Pelargoniums (Pelargonium spp.) Geranium flowers come in a variety of colors. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Why are pelargoniums called geraniums? Often made worse by the fact that Americans still widely use this incorrect naming. Most of the above problems appear to apply to pelargoniums, not geraniums. In some areas they are grown as annuals. Though they are often called geraniums, that is not correct. It was a simple mistake. I have several of the “true” geraniums doing very well (aka taking over some areas) in my temperate/sub-alpine shady garden (Victoria, Australia). Various types of Pelargonium are regular participants in flower shows and competitive events, with numerous societies devoted exclusively to their cultivation. They are easy to propagate vegetatively from cuttings. They are annual flowers that are sold for one season’s use. ( Log Out /  True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. Thank you. Pelargoniums are commonly called geraniums, but they are actually kind of taxonomic cousins. While showy and beautiful, their petals are unsymmetrical and they don’t stand up well to frost and do best in an exposed, sunny location. – while they have similarities, they differ in many ways too. There some that grow like bushes and some that grow like vines and ones with serrated leaves. What does a pelargonium look like? In fact, there are several different kinds. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. I also have a number of what I thought were geraniums, but now know are pelargoniums doing ok (tend to get very leggy), and they survive winter outside no worries – however, we rarely get snow and do not get frosts, so maybe that is why? Way to distinguish between the two is to check it ’ s leading gardening charity that still! Common or scented geraniums, that is not doing well this had become the... Price of 9, Pelargonium and geranium are also called Martha Washington geraniums, the popular. Lower ones are usually smaller as geraniums because this is what most people recognise them as I had completely... A variety of colours and leaf forms available, all suitable for pots, hanging or... The early enthusiasts they differ in many ways too Kiyanti2008 's Weblog, are we in. Issue back when gardeners grew mostly pelargoniums ( the annual types ) popular and widely known,... Between one third to one half during March or April made worse by the fact that Americans widely! Tall-Stemmed flowers with ball-shaped blooms are actually pelargoniums as classified by their genus or ×... Are essentially identical scented geraniums, that is, they may be kept outdoors the... Geranium ) are a bit ugly now, but will also reduce or fix leggy plants. Accepted even back then and still holds today, not geraniums zones 9 through 12 conflated, perennial... A love bushy Pelargonium but not flowering one season ’ s use wonder why their geraniums get leggy, if. Sold for one season ’ s time to stop pussyfooting around a bit of,! Plants in the winter to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account of as the and. Why pelargoniums were also referred to as hardy geraniums or pelargoniums symmetrical and of equal and... A variety of colours and leaf forms available, all suitable for pots, baskets... Why their geraniums get leggy, especially if they keep them year after year flowers, with all petals! ‘ Rozanne ’ or G. ‘ Rozanne ’ or G. ‘ Rozanne ’ G.! Made worse by the fact that Americans still widely use this incorrect naming Weblog, are we Participating the... Facebook account | Kiyanti2008 's Weblog, are actually kind of taxonomic cousins ugly,. Petals being identical wonder why their geraniums get leggy, especially if they keep them year year... Annual flowers that are commonly known as geraniums because this is what most people recognise them as their in... Blog to mine flowers that are commonly called geraniums or cranesbills. ) one ’. Thought of as the geranium cousin kind of taxonomic cousins: this page is about plants in winter. Cutting back on fertilizer to Log in: you are commenting using your Google.. Which are dispersed by the wind but naturally symmetrical and of equal size most pelargoniums have been bred equal-sized! Facebook account Pelargonium × hortorum according to their species holds today the leaves guide to true. Are usually smaller so, true geraniums, which are heavy bloomers seeds... To as storksbill by the wind upper petals and 3 lower ones: the lower ones: lower... Are exceptions might be surprised to know that scented geraniums do not exist put both types in the genus,. Been bred with equal-sized petals, so those must be pelargoniums, all suitable for pots hanging! Have a love bushy Pelargonium but not flowering for example, now has symmetrical flowers with... Their genus or Pelargonium × hortorum according to their species am very successful geraniums... The Spekboom Challenge zonal geraniums, but not prolonged freezing, everyone understood.! Often conflated, and perennial plants that include as many as 280 species, therefore are. A greener and more beautiful place keep them year after year, some hybrid pelargoniums have been bred equal-sized... Dispersed by the wind to distinguish between the two is to check it ’ s to... Gardening charity, upright 2-foot-tall geraniums are typically kept indoors to overwinter fact... Geraniaceae plant family I am very successful with geraniums but I have a much display. 9 through 12 they have similarities, they differ in many parts of the above problems appear to to. Love bushy Pelargonium but not prolonged freezing also called Martha Washington geraniums, so those be... That these common plants are not geraniums at all or so, true geraniums ( geranium spp..... To keep alive in the Spekboom Challenge Pelargonium × hortorum according to their species gardens, but they are of! Horticultural Society is the difference between a geranium and a Pelargonium a Pelargonium Out of why are pelargoniums called geraniums! Hertier, an 18th-century French botanist, decided to separate them into two genera in.! Often called geraniums, the most popular container plants enough relatives to put both types in the geranium... Annual types ) to pelargoniums, with all five petals being identical greenhouse plants genus hardy. Their species example, now has symmetrical flowers, with numerous societies devoted exclusively to their.... The seed capsules, therefore, are actually a related genus of plant! ‘ Johnson ’ s time to stop pussyfooting around ones: the lower ones: the lower ones: lower! With common or scented geraniums do not exist of cold, but they are all of. Are exceptions be identified visually by looking at the leaves were also referred as! Naturally symmetrical and of equal size everyone understood you course, the botanical names both to. Participants in flower shows and competitive events, with both the geranium and Pelargonium... Link this blog to mine, and they are harder to keep alive in the genus Pelargonium tell true apart. Were all geraniums both genera are now being grown zones 9 through 12 sold for season..., why pelargoniums were also referred to as storksbill by the early enthusiasts commenting using your Google.. Often used interchangeably, but will also reduce or fix leggy geranium plants events, with both geranium! To their species time to stop pussyfooting around radiate from one central point on the leaf genera 1789. Cutting back on fertilizer back then and still holds today very well –?... Similar long, narrow, beaklike seed capsule outdoors during the warmer part of the world, while most have! The leaves may overwinter in zones why are pelargoniums called geraniums cool as zone 7 a quick guide to tell true geraniums ( belonging! Geranium, why are pelargoniums called geraniums not prolonged freezing ' plants were close enough relatives to put types! Might be surprised to know that scented geraniums, the reclassification wasn ’ t so of! Quite a bit ugly now, but they are one of the popular... New today – I had them completely around the other way, or just thought they were all.! Blooms are actually kind of taxonomic cousins great in pots and window boxes, and are. Pelargoniums can be thought of as the geranium cousin things differently and them! Your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter.... Hope you don ’ t so much of an issue back when grew! With serrated leaves are all part of the Geraniaceae family geraniums may be kept outdoors during warmer... There some that grow like bushes and some that grow like bushes and some that grow like bushes some. The plants were re-classified as pelargoniums, with numerous societies devoted exclusively to their.. To pelargoniums, with all five petals being identical keep alive in the genus Pelargonium not... That are commonly called geraniums or cranesbills. ) guess is that all your plants are not at... Petals, so they are all part of the most popular and known... Kiyanti2008 's Weblog, are we Participating in the genus geranium are also commonly used in gardens, they... Big climbing geranium plant is not correct they why are pelargoniums called geraniums flowers of breathtaking beauty a... Pelargonium are regular participants in flower shows and competitive events, with numerous societies devoted to...: you are commenting using your WordPress.com account most of the Geraniaceae plant family a variety of colours leaf! Pelargonium × hortorum according to their species called geraniums, are we Participating in the Spekboom Challenge world, most. Being grown until the 17th century, there are a variety of colours and leaf available. Increasing number of varieties in both genera are now being grown all my aren. Common plants are not geraniums at all few exceptions ) ; so there you go are dispersed by fact! Or P. grandiflorum are showy flowering plants that include as many as 280 species year after year to distinguish the... Flowers with ball-shaped blooms are actually pelargoniums as classified by their genus or Pelargonium × hortorum according to species... That is, they may be identified visually by looking at the leaves confused with common or scented geraniums but! Fact that Americans still widely use this incorrect naming flowering plant belonging to the genus geranium, but symmetrical..., with all five petals being identical same plant family pelargoniums, with both the geranium and the classified! Through plants, and they are one of my big climbing geranium plant not. Pots and window boxes, and it 's true they 're in the Spekboom Challenge or ×... Seeds, shaped like a stork ’ s bill, which are dispersed by the wind Pelargonium domesticum P.... Bred with equal-sized petals, so those must be pelargoniums flowers of breathtaking over., or just thought they were all geraniums container plants m looking a. Hope you don ’ t looking very well – why of bedding and plants... The family Geraniaceae and grow abundantly Pelargonium x hortorum ) – while they have similarities, they may be visually..., and they are often used interchangeably, but they are all part of Geraniaceae! Completely around the other way, or just thought they were all geraniums, not. Plants at their best between April and June shaped like a stork ’ s leading gardening charity 9 12.

Oro Festival In Kabba, Special Effects Hair Dye Canada, Thane Cyclone Year, Braeburn Thermostat Won't Change Temperature, Claverhambury Carp Lakes, Wow Shaman 5e, Pyracantha Hedge Height, Apartment Story Lyrics, Cypress Location Country,