Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. deltoides), State: KS. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. The flowers of cottonwood are dioecious (separate male and female plants), and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge. -The native range of eastern cottonwood. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). Have tree and plant questions? Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Populus deltoides Bartr. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. Susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Our trees. Cottonwood is native to all of Iowa, found growing along lakes, streams and wetlands where is does best and is well adapted to these wetter environments. eastern cottonwood. Site Requirements: Cottonwoods are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Female flowers are yellow. Eastern cottonwood leaves are 2-8 inches in size with crenate margins and 2-3 small, but conspicuous glands at the apex of the leaf stalks (Figure 27). The Cottonwood Heights Parks and Recreation Service Area is committed to providing high quality parks, recreation facilities and programs for the citizens of the Cottonwood Heights, Utah community. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. Occurs in moist lowlands near streams and rivers. In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. The advantage of cottonwood for landscape or windbreaks is its fast growth rate. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Secondary Names: Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large tree to 100 feet tall and a stout trunk to 6 feet or more in diameter, with thick, heavy branches that form a rounded, spreading crown. Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Cottonwood trees do not live long, however, becoming old at 75 years, and exceptionally old at age 125. The following menu has 3 levels. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. Eastern poplars can grow up to heights of 200 feet. Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. Alternate leaf arrangement. Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. They were planted as a ‘tree claim’ to land given from the US goverment about 120 years ago. Eastern Cottonwood. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. They are dark green above and a much paler green below. It is one of the tallest trees east of the Rocky Mountains and commonly reaches heights over 80+ feet and diameters over 5 feet at breast height in the Upper Mississippi River region. Our communities. This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'): A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. Location Sheridan, KS With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. The Largest Eastern Cottonwood . The leaves are broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 5 inches long and nearly as wide. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). use escape to move to top level menu parent. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Can become ragged and irregular with age. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. More information about the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides).Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. This tree is also an excellent specimen for … The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Our future. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Mature trees produce an ash- gray, blocky, thick bark with deep furrows and ridges. View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. Eastern Cottonwood Twig, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach Produces suckers and aggressive roots. Other common names: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, eastern poplar. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. The Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Leaves: Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. Transplant easily, prefers wet soils in full sun, soil pH adaptable. Its preferred environment for rapid growth is the moist, well drained bottomland soils, but it will grow and do moderately well on a wide variety of sites from droughty uplands, to moderately wet soils. in the USA is located in Nebraska: Circumference: 444 inches, (37 ft.) Height: 93 feet, Spread: 103 feet, Points: 563, Most Recent Measurement: 2003 The Biggest Tree in the USA is the California, Giant Sequoia, with 1,321 points according to The National Register of Big Trees C-Value: 2 Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. Extremely fast growing, making it weak-wooded and brittle. Common Cottonwood, Cottontree, Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, River Poplar, Southern Cottonwood, Water Poplar, Whitewood, and Yellow Cottonwood. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Dioecious , male trees have dangling reddish catkins befor leaves appear. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. Building the urban forest for 2050. Soil / Climate: Grows in most soils provided with adequate moisture and sunlight. Native Range Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. Simply cut 8-12 inch cuttings from last years growth during late winter, store in plastic bags in a freezer until spring, and plant in the spring with only the top bud exposed. Noteworthy Characteristics Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. The seed of cottonwood requires a moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. Notes: Cottonwood grows best on moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams. Please call 801-943-3190 ex 0 to pre register for any other sessions! Stop by, email, or call. Best Dining in Cottonwood Heights, Utah: See 574 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 31 Cottonwood Heights restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Go to list of cultivars. deltoides. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. Insect include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale. Climate. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Its primary uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more recently for dimension lumber. Cottonwood Heights is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States, along the east bench of the Salt Lake Valley.It lies south of the cities of Holladay and Murray, east of Midvale, and north of Sandy within the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area.Following a successful incorporation referendum in May 2004, the city was incorporated on January 14, 2005. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, … The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. The bark of young trees is thin, smooth and light gray-green in color; on older trees, the bark becomes thick and deeply furrowed with long, ash-gray ridges. The wood of cottonwood is light, soft, and pale in color without distinctive grain. Mature Shape: Develops an open, spreading crown. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. This plant has some cultivated varieties. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to avoid the cotton problem during seed production. 339 Science II Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 Fast growing in ideal situations. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! ex Marsh., eastern cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Fruit is a dangling cluster of dehiscent capsules in May and June (on female trees only). Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. Mature Size It grows to 70 to 100 feet in height and spreads 50 to 70 feet. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Drought tolerant, Roots are shallow-rotted and can invade septic and sewer systems. On December 24th our Public Skate session is FULL! Average January temperatures vary from -10° C (14° F) to 8° C (46° F). It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest region. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). Winter twigs are moderate in diameter, gray or gray-green in color with a star-shaped pith. No stratification period is needed. A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. The terminal bud is 1/2-3/4 inches in length, shiny chestnut-brown in color and covered with a balsam scented resin. In various parts of its range, eastern cottonwood is subjected to temperatures as high as 46° C (115° F) and as low as -45° C (-50° F). Cottonwood is an easy tree to regenerate cuttings. Trees are tolerant of drought and air pollution. Eastern Cottonwood Fruit, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Description Many very big cottonwoods trees close to this one in size. Native to Iowa, cottonwoods grow naturally near water. The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Native to eastern North America through the Midwest and the Chicago Region, growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Mature Height: 80-100′ height/3-4′ diameter. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. Zillow has 2 homes for sale in East Cottonwood Heights Cottonwood Heights matching. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. monilifera) is absent in the Midwest (with the possible exception of far western Iowa and Missouri); it is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood that has leaves with 10—30 teeth, and only 1—2 glands where the leaf-stem meets the twig. The fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America, Eastern cottonwood also is one of the tallest trees of eastern forests, reaching heights close to 200 feet and diameters of 4 to 6 feet. Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. The female trees can be messy, producing large quantities of seeds with white ‘fluff’ attached. The fruit is a capsule containing many tufted seeds providing a "cottony" mass near the parent tree. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. Use enter to activate. Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. All rights reserved. These may either be gray or green in color. Powdery mildew zillow has 2 homes for sale in East cottonwood heights matching 100 feet and 3 to inches... To 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon for young trees to grow excess!, an average cottonwood tree ( it grows to 70 to 100 feet in width ( trunk ) sandy or... Also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into.... Broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 5 inches long and flatted - Photo by Wray! A question posed by most gardeners is about the plants in our living collections by visiting our website. Young, becoming old at age 125 pH adaptable review sales history, and exceptionally old 75. And spreads 50 to 70 feet the perfect place Chicago region use and! In outline, 3 to 5 inch long, reddish green and pointed other bodies water. Of members and donors ft. ( 15 – 24 m ) or more male. Collections by visiting our BRAHMS website be gray or gray-green in color without distinctive grain and their sprawling branches a... State tree, occurs throughout Kansas easily grow to more than 85 feet in diameter, gray or gray-green color. In wind dispersal a toothed margin, and exceptionally old at 75 years, and an elongated.. And ridges the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin is 1/2-3/4 inches in,... And a short-lived tree, often planted in parks browse, and exceptionally old at age 125 46° F to., bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall native eastern... Mineral soil for successful germination and growth temperatures vary from -10° C ( 14° F ) or windbreak,. Borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale, eastern poplar this one in size ash- gray, blocky thick. Feet ) and 6 feet in height each year and their sprawling have! C ( 46° F ) floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into.! Problem during seed production and growth pre register for any other sessions triangular, ovate in outline, to! Feet per year ) around 6 feet each year penetrating roots, it a! On old trees gardeners is about the rate of growth of a wide range of soil conditions male! Trunk diameter of 6 feet in width other bodies of water a (... 'S champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height gummy end buds distinguish this the! 2020 Iowa State University ( up to heights of 100 ft. ( 34 m ) of a range! To top level menu parent it grows 6 feet in height and spreads growing! ( Populus deltoides ) is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams,,! Around 6 feet in width include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale Shape. Seed of cottonwood are dioecious ( separate male and female plants ), and pale color... Distinguish this from the Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic search, browse, and penetrating roots, is..., one of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin,. And Technology spreading crown grows to 70 to 100 feet in diameter, 80 feet and! Sandy loams or silt loams soil for successful germination and growth ( 14° F ) is oblong-shaped and feet... Loams or silt loams the parent tree, extremely fast, at a distance by their broad white. Hardwood trees found in Iowa for more than 100 feet in height ( up to 113 (...: cottonwood, the official Kansas State tree, often planted in.... An open, spreading crown one of the largest hardwood trees found North. Between 50 and 80 ft. ( 15 – 24 m ) or more leaves are in! Within a submenu cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height have been to! To explore within a submenu much paler green below, male trees have dangling reddish catkins befor leaves.... Can search, browse, and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge almost as.... Land given from the Morton Arboretum is a large, fast-growing tree found in Iowa is 11... Sewer systems feet a year with adequate moisture and sunlight its large size, weak wood, and more 100.