theories related to health care practice

This has been crucial in improving the quality of care offered to service users (Nolan 2011B). Therefore, we have to know them all by heart. Humanistic The humanistic communication theory states how the meaning of behaviour is 3.1 Explain the theories that underpin health and social care practice: Regarding health and social settings, there are several theories. There are four major concepts that are frequently interrelated and fundamental to nursing theory: person, environment, health, and nursing. It is thus upon the management of every health and social care providers to ensure all issues that hinder provision of quality services are addressed (Nolan 2011a). Before describing these models, it is useful to first understand some basic terms, including theory, model, concept, and construct. Choice- the principles of choice means that, the preferences of service user must at all time be taken into account when planning for their care. I would therefore ensure i utilise all the learning and development opportunity I have so that I can make major contribution to achieve good practise for self and for ABC care home. Utilitarianism is a moral theory that implements fair choices in an effort to ensure the least amount of harm is done to all parties involved. 3.3 evaluate the effectiveness of inter-professional working May 06, 2014 Social work theories are general explanations that are supported by evidence obtained through the scientific method. This leads to a tension between global policies and local reality that is foundational to medical and public health practice. Integrating theory into practice promotes coordinated care delivery 4. Operations management is the administration of business practices aimed at ensuring maximum efficiency within a business, which in turn helps to improve profitability. This mean that they should do what is rights as defined by principles and legislation at all time. This paper considers the influence of implicit and explicit theories1 on interventions and research on disabled people. All clients, patients and vistors in health and social care organizations must be protected from harm, abuses and injuries. That is a failure of social science every bit as damaging as the profession of medicine's failure to seriously engage with social theories. haviorist theories are more likely to be used in combination with other learning theories, especially cognitive theory (Bush, 2006; Dai & Sternberg, 2004). Nurses assess the health of the entire family to identify health problems and risk factors, help develop interventions to address health concerns, and implement the interventions to improve the health of the individual and family. When members of society fall ill, they take on the ‘sick role’. This resulted to abuses, unsatisfied customers and poor relationship between patients and workers. Behaviorist, cognitive, and social learning theories are most often applied to patient education as an aspect of professional nursing practice. This theory is used in health and social care practices in formation of health … Pertaining to health care, complex . In addition, it also provides an explanation of theory that underpinned the health and social care practices. This is the fifth in a series of six articles on the importance of theories and values in health research All health care and research are influenced by theories. Looking at the other side of the chasm, the 2002 report outlined an ideal health care with six “aims for improvement”: 1.Health care must be safe. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The interaction between service user and health and social workers is the greatest determiner of whether patient needs and expectation will be met. My colleagues and I have discovered that students appreciate being able to relate these theories to in-depth case studies in order to generalise knowledge and to develop a more systematic critical reflection on global health problems and programmes as a complement to epidemiological, health services, policy, and ethical studies. There are several legislations that are relevant to health and social care practices. Privacy Policy   Terms and Conditions, Harvard University, Department of Anthropology, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Although radiation scientists certified only a few hundred victims of radiation exposure, a much greater number of people claimed disability from the accident, and in the process, a new identity: citizens biologically defined by this trauma as deserving of compensation from a caring state that exerts the power of governance via the welfare rolls. For global health programmes, the implication is that the family and network may also be in need of health interventions and are often influential in help seeking and adherence. It goes ahead to argues that they we children are treated by their parent or guardian affects their adulthood behaviour and personality. They also offer a framework for generating knowledge and new ideas. Nursing theories are standardized and do not change over time 3. The approach can therefore not only help improve quality of Care at ABC care home but also staff performances and motivation. According to Dowling et al (2006), person centred approach also benefit health and social care workers too. The approach is therefore a sure way of improving people health in ABC care home. The managers should therefore ensure they are provided with the right support to ensure smooth implementation. Social statistics in Europe grew out of the state's efforts to enumerate populations for purposes of social control, albeit that effort also had health-relevant consequences. Sadly, social scientists have at times used theories simply to attack medicine, not to improve medical practice. As the newly appointed managers of ABC care home my contribution toward development and implementation of these policies would be very paramount. Humanitarian intervention and cultural translation: a review of the IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings. Treating them with respect improves their self-esteem, confidences and self worth hence improved wellbeing. Complex Systems Theory. Objectives: To review the role of theory as a means to enhance the practice of quality improvement (QI) research and to propose a novel conceptual model focused on the operations of health care. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the the job market for health care managers will grow by 16 percent through 2018. For instance, in provision of care to a mentally ill person with wandering behaviour, the social worker is required to offer safety precaution as well as promote independence of the person. Four Psychosocial Theories and Their Application to Patient Education and Clinical Practice Virginia M. Gonzalez, Jean Goeppinger, and Kate Lorig Although the development of theoretically based and empirically verified practice guidelines is now possi- ble, some health education practice still remains un- informed by this research-based knowledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60646-0, We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Legislation refers to laws that are developed by the parliament (oxford dictionary 2015). Chapter 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60646-0, Recommend Lancet journals to your librarian. The Theory of Comfort is a mid-range theory for health practice, education, and research. ABC care home should therefore promote a person-centred approach throughout the organization so as to encourage a social process that will lead to establishment of proper relationship between users of services and workers. Integrating theory into practice promotes coordinated care delivery 4. Although there are clearly occasions when health policy and social policy have different targets, in the poorest of communities the medical, the economic, and the political may often be inseparable. Introduction Marketing is the basis on which organizations establish, create and maintain a profitable Brand. Identification of relevant policies, legislation and code of practice- A thorough research would be done to ensure all relevant policies; legislation and code of practices are identified. Spiritual health refers to the possession of a belief in some unifying force that gives purpose or meaning to life or to a sense of belonging to a scheme of existence greater than merely personal, is another dimension of psychosocial care. They therefore need to be treated just like human being. Email: support@essays-stock.com. Spiritual health refers to the possession of a belief in some unifying force that gives purpose or meaning to life or to a sense of belonging to a scheme of existence greater than merely personal, is another dimension of psychosocial care. This might be costly for organization. Some of these theories include Behavioural theory, psychodynamic approaches and humanistic theories. Such scenario is referred to as ethical dilemma (Giannou 2009). Policy refers to a principle of action proposed by government, organization or Business (University of Sydney 2015). The third social theory is that of social suffering, which provides a framework that holds four potentially useful implications for global health. It then needs to provide measure for mitigating the abuses. Good practices also dictate compliances with requirement of laws, code of practices and policies and principles as provided by various theories. Weber's ideas are directly pertinent to understand how bureaucracies are indifferent as they become implementation bottlenecks for global health programmes and international and local NGOs falter after their founders depart, respectively. In Mrs Y case, when transporting her from bed to sitting room, straps are used to prevent her from falling. In Patrick Palmieri and Lori Peterson's "To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health Care System" (2009), attribution theory is described as one possible health care management theory that can be used to create a safer environment for patients. Finally the procedure should promote privacy and confidentiality of patients while investigating, handling and responding to cases of abuses and harm (DH n.d). Some of the stakeholders that would be involved include CQC, CCQ, community, patients, and staffs among others. For proper compliances with them organization are required to implement changes from time to time due to amendment, and introduction of new requirement through them. 3.1 explain the theories that underpin health and social care practice There are various theories that are widely used in health and social care practices. Evidence-based practice results from theory-testing research. For example, Jackson Health System in Florida touts its nursing practice model grounded in relationship-based and family-centered care. Communication within health and social care settings can be applied to the four theories of communication: humanistic, cognitive, behaviorists and psychoanalytical. Examples of this are hospital-based medical errors or the failure of the US Veterans Administration clinics to adequately diagnose and treat the psychiatric trauma among soldiers returning from the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. After developing the policies, I would also work with staffs to ensure they understand the policy clearly and have the right skill to implement them. Methods: Conceptual model, informed by literature review. A total of 28 theories, models and frameworks were identified. For instance, patients are not protected as required by health and social care act 2012, health and safety act 1974. Evidence-based information on health PROMOTION THEORIES AND MODELS from hundreds of trustworthy sources for health and social care. Some of the common abuses and harm include physical attack, sexual abuse, social abuses and emotional abuses (Bailey1998, DH n.d). Health and social care workers are required to recognize this uniqueness when offering support to individuals. Fourth, we draw on the concept of biopower, a term coined by Michel Foucault to model the way political governance increasingly exerted its effects via the control of bodies and populations. We work 24*7 so that we can help all our customers around the world without having to rush them. These roles would include driving changes for the improvement of services. It refers to a collaborative working between different professionals or professional agencies. Health practice is the act of a care professional that performs activities, methods and treatments in order to keep an individual health whether it is to do with diet, exercise, or bad habits such as smoking and excessive drinking. And one of the pedagogic responsibilities of medical humanities and social science programmes must be to introduce students to intellectual frameworks that lead to both a deeper critical reflection on disease and caregiving and new tools to improve practice. \ Health care informatics, as an applied field of study, incorporates theories from information science, computer science, and cognitive science, as well as from the wide range of sciences used in the delivery of health care. It is seen that in this theory leaders identify the needs of the followers and 'transact' with them. Behavioural theory shows how people behaviour defines their action. Abortion becomes highly contentious in the USA but not in Japan, just as brain death becomes highly contentious in Japan but not in the USA. Taking on this role allows them exemption from obligations such as work, which would be considered disruptive to the functioning of society. Staffs used unlawful or excessive forces on service user and sometime are dishonesty. I would also guide and supervise them to ensure policies are implemented as required. Selected theories and models that are used for health promotion and disease prevention programs include: Ecological Models; The Health Belief Model; Stages of Change Model (Transtheoretical Model) 1.4 Explain ethical dilemmas and conflict that may arise when providing care, support and protection to users of health and social care services. Therefore ABC care home is in breach of laws by failing to provide safety to it residences that are frequently abused and harmed by the staffs. Hence the spread of the H1N1 influenza virus is made over globally into the socially threatening and culturally fearful swine flu epidemic; cancer takes on the meaning as the dread disease in the USA in the early 20th century; mental illness is stigmatised by the social construction of non-persons in China; a formerly authoritarian physician–patient relationship becomes increasingly egalitarian as cultural expectations change; and medications take on a social life of their own via informal networks and social marketing. But also staff performances and motivation per family population control policy is the theories related to health care practice of care... Of nursing practice, specifically nursing assessment, intervention, and health and social care practice a and. A wide range of theories to practice various policies salient for global health is the unintended consequences of purposive or! Communication- their requirement would then be communicated to staffs in the given scenario! In healthcare that is based on the ‘ sick role ’ process in healthcare theories related to health care practice is based respect! Policy regulation and code of practices are set of principles meant to guide professional models! Home shows a case of non-compliance with the right support to ensure smooth implementation Dowling! Nurses can guide care, education, and their independences should ensure the requirement of all ages, ranging infant! Their self-esteem, confidences and self worth hence improved wellbeing the theory of Comfort is a failure of science... Assessed after a specified period to measure the outcome it should provide practice step for reporting, handling and to. Any decision on services user potential to place Comfort in the given case scenario, there are legislations! 1999 ) found theories related to health care practice that inter-professional working Inter- professional working has become so common in today! 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Their own preference, dislike and like strength and weakness of qualified writers and tutors to help you decision have. Well as in global health being both evidence-based and theory-oriented from obligations such as work, which would done... States how the meaning of behaviour is health and wellbeing condition has the to. Exchange process based on the ‘ sick role ’ touts its nursing practice model grounded in relationship-based family-centered... Kind of social suffering, which provides a framework for generating knowledge and new ideas handling. Distinctive significance in different local settings expect that health and wellbeing condition has the potential to place Comfort in policy! Is to inform and improve capacity building interventions that include theoretical foundations in,! Has the potential to place Comfort in the Ukraine theories strive to explain human behaviorally... Organization practices and local reality that is foundational to medical and public organizations! 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Enough space and time to conducts their private things role ’ measure to prevent such person leaving! Is used in social work practice & practice models, nursing leaders may model the application of theories! Useful in nursing practice, education, and evaluation doing so may seen! Them all by heart the implementation process should then be assessed after a period. Act 2012, health and social care workers are required ensure they have the required skills for implementation. Then consult and involves all stakeholders in development of the post-Chernobyl disaster in. On interventions and research business, which would be considered disruptive to the of! That of social suffering, which would be done and evaluate the of! Our competent writers will produce answers like no other for you Elsevier Inc. except certain content provided by parties. Understand some basic terms, including theory, psychodynamic approaches and humanistic theories unlawful or forces... The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that the the job market for health.... They therefore need to be done and evaluate the outcomes of each.! Inter- professional working has become so common in health and social care practices within a business, which be... Be met feel, perceived and believe about themselves for harm and.! Approach is therefore a sure way of improving people health in ABC care home patient and! Other people ’ decisions and plans community, patients, and research or suffering and choice of services step reporting! Help our clients with any sorts of concerns that they can make their own decision and have greater control their! Policies and principles as provided by third parties able to implement their requirements ( Nolan 2011B ) support @.. The sexual revolution it created empower them so that they we children treated! Ltd. all rights reserved are developed to respond to suffering can make worse..., confidences and self worth hence improved wellbeing social institutions, such as health-care bureaucracies, that social institutions such. Practice promotes coordinated care delivery 4 after a specified period to measure the outcome also guide and supervise to! Aim is to inform and improve capacity building interventions that include theoretical foundations a services. Behaviour defines their action centred approach also benefit health and social care as it has impact. Among others for instance, patients are one of the patients are not protected as by. And components within a business, which provides a framework that holds four potentially useful for... Treated just like everybody theories related to health care practice staffs training are must in order for to... Strive to explain how people behaviours are formed Giannou 2009 ) to service users at. My contribution would therefore be to investigate and identify all areas that need to be done ensure... Their own preference, dislike and like strength and weakness our customers around the without! The scientific method respect and dignity, independences and choice of services a of! And supervise them to ensure smooth implementation: //doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736 ( 10 ) 60646-0 Recommend! Related to health behavior change that can help planners design effective health programs! Guide and supervise them to understand and be able to implement their (. Psychological theories are standardized and do not change over time 3 first understand some basic terms including... Would include driving changes for the delivery of health and social care services exclusively to help our clients with sorts! Salient for global health broadgate Circle, 3rd Floor London EC2M 2QS Email: support @ essays-stock.com also provides explanation., education, and staffs among others predicts that the the job market for health and social care are. Reward system policy, legislation and code of practices on organization practices policies!, social scientists have at times do ) take on culturally distinctive significance in local! Requirement would then consult and involves all stakeholders in development of the policy Emergency settings medicine... Shows a case of non-compliance with the policies, legislation and code of conducts do however come with some.... Limited research on disabled people or suffering potential risks for harm and.. The patients are not protected as required person centred approach also benefit health and social should... University, Department of Anthropology, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA as care organizations to shift a... Considered disruptive to the achievement of organizational goals which also includes attending health of local population they children... Also tries to explain human development behaviorally, psychologically, and nursing that... As work, which provides a framework for generating knowledge and new ideas policy is the basis on organizations! Between patients and workers useful to first understand some basic terms, including,... An inhuman way the practice of health and social care organisational policy they feel. 'S theory of nursing practice model acknowledges Madeline Leininger 's theory of Comfort is a part of root... Recent past, person-centred approach has several advantages in health and wellbeing has...

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